A word is a sequence of letters that means something. Our list below contains over 20 different types of words. We intentionally excluded parts of speech.
Different Types of Words
|Type of Word||Definition|
|Abbreviation||A word that has been shortened.|
|Acronym|| A word formed from the first letter or letters of a|
compound term and pronounced as a word.
|Anagram||A word formed by rearranging the letters of another word.|
|Antonym||Words that have opposite meanings. The antonym may be for only one meaning of a word that has other meanings.|
|Clipped Words||A word that has been shortened or clipped due to use, e.g., ad – advertisement, bike – bicycle.|
|Compound Words||A word created by joining two or more words. They do not always retain their original meaning, e.g., brainstorm.|
|Collocation||Words that are frequently used together.|
|Contractions||A word that is formed by shortening words,|
replacing one or more letters with an apostrophe.
|A word that reads differently in reverse,|
sometimes these words are referred to as reverse pairs.
Emordnilap is palindrome spelled backwards.
|Eponyms||A word based or derived from a person’s name.|
|Heteronym||Words that are spelled the same but have a different|
pronunciation, meaning and origin.
|Homograph||Words that are spelled the same but|
have a different meaning and origin.
|Homophones|| Words that sound alike, but have|
a different meaning and usually spelling.
|Onomatopoeia|| A words that resembles the sound to which they refer;|
the noise they depict, e.g., boom.
|Oxymoron||Words that contradict each other; clashing ideas.|
|Palindromes||A word or sentence that read the same|
way forward and backward.
|Portmanteau||A word that is formed by combining two or|
more words; the words morph into one word,
e.g., moped = motor + pedal.
|Sesquipedalian||A word that is very long.|
The shortest word on our list has only 12 letters.
|Sight Words||Common words that are often not spelled|
phonetically but must be learned, so they can be
recognized automatically on sight.
|Synonym||Words that have similar meanings.|
|Word Pairs||A pair of words that always appear in the same order.|