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4th Grade Spelling Words

Our fourth grade spelling program focuses on prefixes and suffixes. Each student receives 8 words with either a prefix or suffix. Collectively, the class brainstorms to obtain more words with the same prefix or suffix. This helps student’s break down the meaning of words. Each student selects 7 words from the class prefix list for a total of 15 spelling words.

Lesson 1: Spelling Words

Select words using the following prefixes: dis- and dys- and words beginning with dif-. These prefixes modify a word and indicate away, not or negative.

Dis-, Dys-, & Words with Dif –
differ differentiate disagree disconnect
dismiss disobey dispense dysfunctional

Lesson 2: Spelling Words

Select words using the prefix, pro-. This prefix modifies words to indicate approving: in favor of, for, forward or positive.

Pro-
probable proceed projectile prolong
promotion propel prospect protest

Lesson 3: Spelling Words

Select words using the prefix, non-. This prefix modifies words to indicate not.

Non-
nondairy nonfiction nonprofit nontoxic
nonfat nonhuman nonsense nonverbal

Lesson 4: Spelling Words

Select words using the prefix, e- and ex-. This prefix modifies words to indicate out, away, out of or outside.

E- or Ex-
eject emit exhale erupt
exceed extinguish expand exclude

Lesson 5: Spelling Words

Select words using the prefix, in-. This prefix modifies words to indicate either (1) not: opposite of, e.g. inability or (2) in: within, into or toward, e.g. inject.

In-
include inflate inhale inject
inspect inspire instruct invite

Lesson 6: Spelling Words

Select words using the prefix, il-, im- or ir-. Similar to in-, these prefixes modify words to indicate either (1) not: opposite of, e.g. inability or (2) in: within, into or toward, e.g. inject.

Il-, Im- or Ir
illegal illogical immobile impaired
impede irrational irregular irreversible

Lesson 7: Spelling Words

Select words using the prefix, ab-. This prefix modifies words to indicate from: differing or away from.

Ab-
abduct abrupt absent absolve
absorb abstain abstract absurd

Lesson 8: Spelling Words

Select words using the prefix, de-. This prefix modifies words to indicate either (1) the opposite of or reverse or (2) down or away.

De-
decay decline decode decrease
deduct dejected depress deport

Lesson 9: Spelling Words

Select words using the suffix, -less. This suffix modifies words to indicate without or not having.

-Less
careless helpless homeless meaningless
painless priceless restless useless

Lesson 10: Spelling Words

Select words using the suffix, -ness. This suffix modifies words to indicate a state, quality or condition of something.

-Ness
boldness cleverness dampness fondness
foolishness sadness sickness wilderness

Lesson 11: Spelling Words

Select words using the suffix, -ist. This suffix modifies words to indicate a person who …, e.g., a person who practices a specific action (cyclist), a person who plays a musical instrument (pianist) or a person who specializes in a specific skill (geologist).

-Ist
artist dentist finalist journalist
naturalist optimist pessimist specialist

Lesson 12: Spelling Words

Select words using the suffix, -ful. This suffix modifies words to indicate either (1) full of or characterized by or (2) number or quantity that fills or would fill, e.g., spoonful.

-Ful
blissful bountiful cheerful doubtful
forgetful harmful meaningful successful

Lesson 13: Spelling Words

Select words using the suffix, -ion. This suffix modifies words to indicate either (1) the act or process, e.g., construction or (2) the state or condition, e.g., perfection.

-Ion
affection cancellation complication donation
excavation exception permission translation

Lesson 14: Spelling Words

Select words using the prefix, equi -. This suffix modifies words to indicate equal or equally. It is derived from Latin – aequi means “equal.”

Equi-
equal equate equation equator
equiangular equilateral equinox equivalent

Lesson 15: Spelling Words

Select words using the prefixes, bi- and tri-. The prefix, bi-, modifies words to indicate (1) two, e.g., bipartisan, (2) coming or occurring every two, e.g., bimonthly and (3) into two parts, e.g., bisect. The prefix, tri-, modifies words to indicate (1) three: having three elements or parts, e.g., triangle, (2) coming or occurring every three (3 times) e.g., trimonthly and (3) into three, e.g., trisect.

Bi- and Tri-
biplane biped binomial binocular
biweekly bivalve bilingual tripod
triad triangle trident tricycle
triage triathlon triceps

This spelling program assigns specific words that each student should be able to spell correctly but it also allows each child to individually select spelling words that are important for him to study – ultimately creating a desire to learn how to spell correctly.

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