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Greek and Latin Roots

Most of our English words originated from other languages. Below please find a list of the more common Greek and Latin roots.

Greek and Latin Roots

Root Origin Meaning Examples
act Latin do action, actor, react, transact & enact
aero Greek air aerobics, aerodynamics, aeronautics & aerate
agr Latin field agriculture, agrarian, agronomy & agribusiness
alter Latin other alter, alternate, alternative, altercation & alter ego
anim Latin life, spirit animate, animosity, animal & inanimate
ann Latin year annual, anniversary & annuity
enn Latin year biennial & millennium
aqua Latin water aquarium, aquatic, aqueous & aquamarine
ast Greek star astronaut, astronomy, asterisk & asteroid
aud Latin hear audience, auditorium, audible & audition
biblio Greek book bibliography, bibliophile, & Bible ( portion of)
bio Greek life biology, biography, biochemistry, biopsy & biosphere
card Latin heart cardiac, cardiology, cardiogram & cardiovascular
cord Latin heart cordial, accord, concord & discord
chron Greek time chronological, synchronize, chronicle & chronic
claim Latin shout proclaim, exclaim & acclaim
clam Latin shout clamor & exclamation
cogn Latin know recognize, incognito, cognition & cognizant
corp Latin body corporation, corpse, corps, corpus & corpuscle
cosm Greek universe cosmos, cosmopolitan, microcosm & cosmonaut
cred Latin believe credit, discredit, incredible, credential & credulous
cycl Greek circle, ring bicycle, cyclone, cycle & recycle
dic Latin speak dictate, predict, contradict, verdict & diction
doc Latin teach doctrine, document, doctor, indoctrinate & docile
don Latin give donor & pardon
donat Latin give donation & donate
duc Latin lead duct, conduct, educate, induct & aqua duct
fac Latin make, do factory, manufacture, benefactor & facsimile
fic Latin make, do efficient, proficient, sufficient & beneficial
flect Latin bend reflect, deflect, reflection, inflection & genuflect
flex Latin bend reflex & flexible
form Latin shape form, uniform, transform, reform & formal
gen Greek birth, race generation, generate, genocide, progeny & genealogy
geo Greek earth geography, geometry, geology & geophysics
gram Greek letter, written telegram, diagram, grammar, epigram & monogram
graph Greek write photograph, autograph, biography & phonograph
homo, hom Latin man Homo sapiems, homicide, homage & hombre
inner Latin within innermost, innerspring
inter Latin among, between or shared by interchange, intercom & interface
intro Latin into, inward or within introduce, introvert & introspection
junct Latin join juncture, conjunction, adjunct & injunction
jud Latin law judge & judicial
jur Latin law jury & jurisdiction
jus Latin law justice & justify
lab Latin work labor, laboratory, collaborate & elaborate
liber Latin free liberty, liberal, liberate & libertine
loc Latin place location, locate, dislocate, allocate & local
man Latin hand manual, manufacture, manuscript & manipulate
mar Latin sea marine, submarine, mariner & maritime
mater Latin mother maternal, maternity & matricide
matr Latin mother matrimony, matron & matriarch
meter Greek measure thermometer, centimeter, diameter & barometer
migr Latin change, move migrate, immigrant, emigrate & migratory
miss Latin send missile, dismiss, mission & remiss
mit Latin send submit, remit, admit & transmit
mob Latin move mobile, automobile & mobilize
mot Latin move motion, motor, promote, demote & motile
mov Latin move remove, movement
morph Greek shape amorphous, metamorphoses & morphology
mort Latin death mortician, mortuary, mortal, immortal & mortify
nat Latin born natal, native, nation, nativity & innate
ordin, order Latin row, rank ordinary, ordinal, extraordinary, ordinance & order
ortho Greek straight, right orthodontist, orthodox, orthopedist & orthography
pater, patr Latin father paternity, paternal, patricide & patriarch
path Greek disease, feeling pathology, sympathy, empathy, antipathy & pathos
ped Greek child pediatrician, pedagogy & encyclopedia
ped Latin foot pedal, pedestrian, biped & pedestal
phil Greek love philosophy, philanthropist, philharmonic & philology
phon Greek sound phonograph, symphony, telephone, microphone & phonics
photo Greek light photograph, telephoto, photosynthesis & photogenic
pod Greek foot podiatrist, podium & tripod
poli Greek city metropolis, cosmopolitan, police & political
port Latin carry portable, transport, import, export & porter
pysch Greek mind, soul psychology, psyche, psychopath & psychiatrist
ques, quer, quis Latin ask, seek question, inquest, request, query & inquisitive
rad Latin ray, spoke radius, radio, radiation, radium, radiator & radiology
rect Latin straight erect, rectangle, rectify, direction & correct
rupt Latin break rupture, erupt, interrupt, abrupt & bankrupt
san Latin health sanitary, sanitation, sane, insanity & sanitarium
saur Greek lizard dinosaur, brontosaurus & stegosaurus
sci Greek know science, conscience, conscious & omniscient
scop Greek see microscope, telescope, periscope & stethoscope
scribe Latin write inscribe, describe & prescribe
script Latin write script, transcript & scripture
sign Latin mark signal, signature, significant & insignia
spec Latin see inspect, suspect, respect, spectator & spectacle
struct Latin build structure, construct, instruct & destruction
tact Latin touch tactile, intact, contact & tact
terr Latin land territory, terrain, terrestrial & terrace
therm Greek heat thermometer, thermal, thermostat & thermos
tract Latin pull, drag tractor, attract, subtract, traction, extract & contract
trib Latin give contribute, tribute, tributary & attribute
urb Latin city urban, suburb, urbane & suburban
vac Latin empty vacant, evacuate, vacate & vacuum
var Latin different vary, invariable, variant, variety & various
vid Latin see video, evidence, provide, providence
vis Latin see visible, vision, visual & visualize
voc Latin voice vocal, advocate, evocation & convocation
void Latin empty void, devoid, avoid, voided & unavoidable
vol Latin wish, will volition, volunteer, voluntary & benevolent
volv Latin turn revolve, involve, evolve, revolver & revolution

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Greek Roots

Root Origin Meaning Examples
aero Greek air aerobics, aerodynamics, aeronautics & aerate
ast Greek star astronaut, astronomy, asterisk & asteroid
biblio Greek book bibliography, bibliophile, & Bible ( portion of)
bio Greek life biology, biography, biochemistry, biopsy & biosphere
chron Greek time chronological, synchronize, chronicle & chronic
cosm Greek universe cosmos, cosmopolitan, microcosm & cosmonaut
cycl Greek circle, ring bicycle, cyclone, cycle & recycle
gen Greek birth, race generation, generate, genocide, progeny & genealogy
geo Greek earth geography, geometry, geology & geophysics
gram Greek letter, written telegram, diagram, grammar, epigram & monogram
graph Greek write photograph, autograph, biography & phonograph
meter Greek measure thermometer, centimeter, diameter & barometer
morph Greek shape amorphous, metamorphoses & morphology
ortho Greek straight, right orthodontist, orthodox, orthopedist & orthography
path Greek disease, feeling pathology, sympathy, empathy, antipathy & pathos
ped Greek child pediatrician, pedagogy & encyclopedia
phil Greek love philosophy, philanthropist, philharmonic & philology
phon Greek sound phonograph, symphony, telephone, microphone & phonics
photo Greek light photograph, telephoto, photosynthesis & photogenic
pod Greek foot podiatrist, podium & tripod
poli Greek city metropolis, cosmopolitan, police & political
pysch Greek mind, soul psychology, psyche, psychopath & psychiatrist
saur Greek lizard dinosaur, brontosaurus & stegosaurus
sci Greek know science, conscience, conscious & omniscient
scop Greek see microscope, telescope, periscope & stethoscope
therm Greek heat thermometer, thermal, thermostat & thermos

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Latin Roots

Root Origin Meaning Examples
act Latin do action, actor, react, transact & enact
agr Latin field agriculture, agrarian, agronomy & agribusiness
alter Latin other alter, alternate, alternative, altercation & alter ego
anim Latin life, spirit animate, animosity, animal & inanimate
ann Latin year annual, anniversary & annuity
enn Latin year biennial & millennium
aqua Latin water aquarium, aquatic, aqueous & aquamarine
aud Latin hear audience, auditorium, audible & audition
card Latin heart cardiac, cardiology, cardiogram & cardiovascular
cord Latin heart cordial, accord, concord & discord
claim Latin shout proclaim, exclaim & acclaim
clam Latin shout clamor & exclamation
cogn Latin know recognize, incognito, cognition & cognizant
corp Latin body corporation, corpse, corps, corpus & corpuscle
cred Latin believe credit, discredit, incredible, credential & credulous
dic Latin speak dictate, predict, contradict, verdict & diction
doc Latin teach doctrine, document, doctor, indoctrinate & docile
don Latin give donor & pardon
donat Latin give donation & donate
duc Latin lead duct, conduct, educate, induct & aqua duct
fac Latin make, do factory, manufacture, benefactor & facsimile
fic Latin make, do efficient, proficient, sufficient & beneficial
flect Latin bend reflect, deflect, reflection, inflection & genuflect
flex Latin bend reflex & flexible
form Latin shape form, uniform, transform, reform & formal
homo, hom Latin man Homo sapiems, homicide, homage & hombre
inner Latin within innermost, innerspring
inter Latin among, between or shared by interchange, intercom & interface
intro Latin into, inward or within introduce, introvert & introspection
junct Latin join juncture, conjunction, adjunct & injunction
jud Latin law judge & judicial
jur Latin law jury & jurisdiction
jus Latin law justice & justify
lab Latin work labor, laboratory, collaborate & elaborate
liber Latin free liberty, liberal, liberate & libertine
loc Latin place location, locate, dislocate, allocate & local
man Latin hand manual, manufacture, manuscript & manipulate
mar Latin sea marine, submarine, mariner & maritime
mater Latin mother maternal, maternity & matricide
matr Latin mother matrimony, matron & matriarch
migr Latin change, move migrate, immigrant, emigrate & migratory
miss Latin send missile, dismiss, mission & remiss
mit Latin send submit, remit, admit & transmit
mob Latin move mobile, automobile & mobilize
mot Latin move motion, motor, promote, demote & motile
mov Latin move remove, movement
mort Latin death mortician, mortuary, mortal, immortal & mortify
nat Latin born natal, native, nation, nativity & innate
ordin, order Latin row, rank ordinary, ordinal, extraordinary, ordinance & order
pater, patr Latin father paternity, paternal, patricide & patriarch
ped Latin foot pedal, pedestrian, biped & pedestal
port Latin carry portable, transport, import, export & porter
ques, quer, quis Latin ask, seek question, inquest, request, query & inquisitive
rad Latin ray, spoke radius, radio, radiation, radium, radiator & radiology
rect Latin straight erect, rectangle, rectify, direction & correct
rupt Latin break rupture, erupt, interrupt, abrupt & bankrupt
san Latin health sanitary, sanitation, sane, insanity & sanitarium
scribe Latin write inscribe, describe & prescribe
script Latin write script, transcript & scripture
sign Latin mark signal, signature, significant & insignia
spec Latin see inspect, suspect, respect, spectator & spectacle
struct Latin build structure, construct, instruct & destruction
tact Latin touch tactile, intact, contact & tact
terr Latin land territory, terrain, terrestrial & terrace
tract Latin pull, drag tractor, attract, subtract, traction, extract & contract
trib Latin give contribute, tribute, tributary & attribute
urb Latin city urban, suburb, urbane & suburban
vac Latin empty vacant, evacuate, vacate & vacuum
var Latin different vary, invariable, variant, variety & various
vid Latin see video, evidence, provide, providence
vis Latin see visible, vision, visual & visualize
voc Latin voice vocal, advocate, evocation & convocation
void Latin empty void, devoid, avoid, voided & unavoidable
vol Latin wish, will volition, volunteer, voluntary & benevolent
volv Latin turn revolve, involve, evolve, revolver & revolution

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